RSS Feeds Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter
Frontpage | About | Contact | Subscribe

Financial Reforms: What It Means to the Banking Industry

A proposal for a complete regulatory overhaul is expected to be revealed this Wednesday and the Obama administration is expecting stiff resistance to certain aspects of the proposal from banking companies. Almost all areas related to banking operations will be touched by the proposed legislation; ranging from how consumers are charged on credit card debts to how exotic financial instruments are packaged.

The outcome of Obama’s proposed financial reorganization will have a large impact on how banks operate in the future. Varying interest on different segments of the economy, from business to consumers to the government needs to be ironed out. Talks about regulatory problems will likely dominate the discussions in Capitol Hill for the succeeding months.

At the center of the regulatory plan is the “white paper” as it is referred to by the administration. In essence, it aims to provide the Federal Reserve more oversight power when it comes to dealing with the largest players. The government wants the Fed to gain the authority to break-up important companies – similar to how FDIC operates failed banks – once it becomes a threat to the overall economy. In addition, the Obama administration also wants to create a new watchdog that will scrutinize consumer products more thoroughly.

Certain lawmakers want to consolidate power to a single regulatory agency but the president does not intend to pursue this route. Instead, the administration will allow several agencies to continue their operations. In fact, the only agency that will be abolished is the Office of Thrift Supervision. If the proposed consumer agency pushes through, the number of oversight institutions in the financial industry will remain the same.

Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner is scheduled to appear before the Senate and House panels. Many expect him to be criticized and called to answer how regulators can create a process that will not simply bailout finance companies on the brink of collapse. Lawmakers also want more responsibility on the part of the banks. The issue of giving more authority to the Federal Reserve will also be a thorny issue given its past failures and culture of secrecy.

Banks Pay Back TARP

The Treasury has finally allowed 10 big backs to repay some part of the TARP money they received during the height of the financial turmoil. Though the Treasury did not specifically identify these banks, allowing them to make the announcement on their own, the banks have been identified as JPMorgan Chase, Goldman Sachs, US Bancorp, BB&T Corporation, Capital One Financial, American Express, State Street Corporation, and the Bank of New York and Mellon.

Two of these banks namely JPMorgan Chase and Goldman Sachs are deemed financially strong enough to leave the TARP program. It is expected that the 10 big banks will return an estimated $68.3 billion back to the government. The latest estimate is dramatically more than the original repayment estimate of $25 billion. Other financial institutions specifically Morgan Stanley and Northern Trust are expected to repay the government as well. Previously, Morgan Stanley was asked to raise $1.8 billion after “failing” the stress test.

The $68.3 billion to be repaid this year is around a quarter of the TARP bailout fund. 22 community banks have already paid back $1.9 billion to the Treasury. While these developments are certainly good news for the Obama administration, the public, and even the bank themselves, these institutions are not yet totally out of government oversight. As condition to receiving the bailout fund, the banks agreed to “warrants” or stock options that give the government a share in profits once stock values rise.

In addition, the public won’t benefit as much as initially believed. This is because five of the repaying banks have little to do with consumer lending. Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley are mainly investment institutions while State Street, Northern Trust, and Bank of New York Mellon are asset management firms. With the exception of JPMorgan, none of these banks are big-time consumer lenders. The biggest lenders – Bank of America, Citigroup Inc., and Wells Fargo – don’t look like they’ll be in the position of repaying the government anytime soon.

Whatever the case, the repayment plan is certainly a welcome development in today’s grim economic times. Within several days, majority of the financial institutions mentioned above will wire the repayment to the Treasury Department.

Banks to Undergo Management Review

Over the past few weeks, news has been buzzing that nine of the country’s largest banks that failed the stress test are undergoing capital-raising initiatives to meet the government’s criteria. Monday is scheduled to be deadline for federal bank regulators’ approval for these plans. This long-awaited moment can be outshined by a less known deadline though: management review of these banks.

Banks including Citigroup Inc. and Bank of America will assess their top executives to ensure that the banks have sufficient leadership capability that will take them through the tough times. According to regulators, this process is necessary to find out if the current management has the “ability to manage the risks presented by the current economic environment”.

For many, this management review seems confusing, if not unnecessary. This is because the rules of the management review remain unclear. And individual regulators are providing contradictory guidance which further confuses the process. Whatever way they call it, it is clear that federal regulators are simply pressuring banks to get more people with commercial banking expertise.

Bank of America has already bowed to the pressure by replacing one senior executive and several directors. For its part, Citigroup is beefing up its board by adding new directors. It remains unclear if federal regulators will approve the management review on its deadline, which is on Monday.

Even as “weaker” banks prepare to wait for government approval for their capital raising initiatives and management review approval; “stronger” banks like JPMorgan Chase & Co and Goldman Sachs Group are preparing to repay the government. If their repayment scheme is approved, this will spell a dramatic milestone in today’s chaotic financial market.

It is expected that the government will accept the repayment of these banks. The Fed previously announced that it will allow repayment if the banks can prove they can raise capital from outside investors and lend to borrowers without relying on federal support.

Offshore Banking – Weekly Round-Up

Since the financial meltdown on Wall Street started in 2007, economic experts started to predict the dire consequences these would entail on the economy. True enough, the world’s largest economy bowed under pressure. Banking giants such as Citigroup Inc, Bank of America, and JPMorgan Chase all had to be bailed out. The real cost to the taxpayer is not being felt now, but it will in the future.

This week’s roundup has something to do with opening an offshore bank account. Fortunately or unfortunately, American perspective seems to be getting wider due to the economic crisis. Previously, everyone thought that their banks and their currency were safe.  Seems that they are not so sure now. As a result, bloggers are talking about how opening an offshore account will help individuals both as business and as personal investors.

Amy @ Ofiz uploaded a blog post titled “The Benefits of Having an Offshore Bank Account for Business Purposes“. It essentially talked about how businessmen, especially those who travel a lot, can access their funds easier if they have an account in another country. Further, Amy also discussed about how an offshore account can be opened.

The blog Wealth Building Empire recently had an interesting article named “Hide Money Offshore with an Offshore Bank Account and Offshore Debit Card“. At first glance, the blog post seems suspect. Is it teaching its readers to engage in money laundering? But upon closer inspection, it actually does nothing of the sort. Its author is merely recognizing the fact that bank accounts can be frozen in many parts of the world. And there is nothing a depositor can do about it unless he looks offshore.

There’s also a little-known WordPress blog called the My Panama Lawyer that provides a lot of detailed guidelines about offshore banking. In a post titled “How to Open an Offshore Bank Account“, the author details the process in 6 easy-to-follow steps. Everything from choosing a country to the permitted amount you can deposit is outlined in this blog post.

As the economy remains uncertain, a lot of people are also becoming hesitant in keeping all their money at home. And indeed, they are wondering if they should keep their money in dollars.

Subscribe to CLB Posts

Stay up-to-date on Financial news, articles, and announcements:

Spread the Word



Credit Card Widget